These artefacts are crafted at Muru Mittigar by our artists who collect the wood from their own tribal areas in New South Wales, which are then distributed and shared throughout New South Wales, Australia and the world.

Aboriginal Art

Aboriginal art is an important part of Aboriginal culture and history. Art is also another method of telling a story or portraying an event through art. You can also learn to do some Aboriginal art and paint your own story, maybe the journey of visiting our cultural centre on a boomerang or a souvenir of your choice.

Experienced and professional Aboriginal artists will assist you with designing and painting your story!

Dance Performances

Experience entertaining and Informative rituals of Aboriginal dance at our cultural centre in our outdoor amphitheatre. Traditional Aboriginal dancing was used in many ways of traditional life to celebrate certain events, such as telling a story or event, ceremonies, marriage, stages of life and more.

Here at our cultural centre we entertain you with traditional rituals of Aboriginal dance to welcome you to our country, show respect to each other, pay respect to our native animals and spirit world through depicting the movements of the animals. Our performances will give you an insight to the oldest living culture in the world. Dance performances are also interactive giving guests the opportunity to perform Aboriginal dance with a professional Aboriginal dance group. 

Yidaki (Didjeridoo)

The Yikadi, more commonly known as the Didjeridoo, is the oldest wooden wind instrument in the world.

The instrument is only allowed to be played by men - the story about the creation of this instrument along with the reasons why only men are allowed to play it are told in the Yidaki workshop.

The distinctive sounds of the Yidaki are demonstrated by a tour guide playing various tunes and animal sounds that are thousands of years old.

Coolamon Dish

The Coolamon Dish is a utensil used predominately by women to carry water and food, but also hot coals for fire. They also use the Coolamon to carry their babies when collecting food. Bark is collected from trees in moist weather, shaped and then treated to make the Coolamon Dish.

Digging Stick

The digging stick is used for getting grubs out of trees from the bark, as well as digging up yams from the ground or roots of trees. It is also used to dig up lizards and snakes when they burrow into the ground.

Woganurra - Battle Axe

The Woganurra is used in battles against other tribes. It can also be used as an axe to dismember animal carcasses to make it easier to carry them long distances. The Woganurra is also used as a form of punishment in some areas.


The Lil-Lil can be used like a boomerang as the shape is similar; therefore can be used for hunting and fighting to distract the prey or opponent. It is thrown as a distraction before a fighting boomerang is used.

Boomerangs - Hunting, Fghting, Dance, Returning.

Hunting boomerangs are mainly used for hunting kanagroos, emus and the brolga bird. It is the heaviest boomerang, mainly used when the men are very close to the animal. It is thrown at the animals'legs to slow them down.

Fighting boomerangs are used during an attack due to its large (longer) size.

Dancing boomerangs play an important role in traditional ceremonies. They are sometimes used to tell the didgeridoo
player when to start playing, and to keep beat and rhythm for dancers and the didgeridoo player.

Returning Boomerangs are traditionally made from the roots of a tree. They are used to scare the birds out of the
trees or off the water. The birds then fly into prepared nets for capture.

Nulla Nulla

The Nulla Nulla is another weapon used in conflict or a fight between two people. It is also used to finish off the animals when hunting after a fighting boomerang has been used. It is also used to dislocate joints before dismemberment for carrying.


The Boondi is similar in shape to a Nulla Nulla but made smaller - it looks like more of a club instrument.

Fighting Shield

The fighting shields are used for protection when in conflict or battle. They are shaped from the wood of a tree. The shapes vary from tribe to tribe, some are smaller and some larger.

Emu Callers

These instruments are used to call or lure the male emu away from the nest so that the eggs can be collected without harming the animal. It is the male emu that protects the nest; hence the emu caller is made to sound like a female emu calling the male. The emu caller is made from hollow logs, similar to a didgeridoo.

Clap Sticks

Clap Sticks are Similar to dancing boomerangs. They are also used in traditional ceremonies to keep the beat and rhythm for both the dancer and didgeridoo player.


Spears are made from different types of trees. There is a variety of different spears used for hunting, fighting and punishment.

Fire Sticks

Fire Sticks are made from the grass tree. They are used to make fire by rubbing the fire stick against another piece of wood to produce embers. They are then put against another pience of grass to start the fire.

Dilly Bags

Dilly Bags are made from different types of grasses. The grass is torn into strips, dried out, and then dyed in different colours of ochre, bark and berries. The grass is then weaved into a basket. Dilly bags are mainly used by women when they go out to gather different foods such as berries, yams, and witchety grubs.


The woomera was invented to assist with throwing of the spear. The wommera is attached to the end of the spear, and when used gives greater speed, distance and accuracy.

Locally made weapons from wood collected from respective tribal areas.


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